[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]
AFRO-NETS> The Drum Beat - 43 - Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS
- Subject: AFRO-NETS> The Drum Beat - 43 - Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS
- From: Warren Feek <email@example.com>
- Date: Sat, 11 Mar 2000 03:39:02 -0500 (EST)
The Drum Beat - 43 - Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS
from THE COMMUNICATION INITIATIVE partnership - The Rockefeller Foun-
dation, UNICEF, USAID, The CHANGE Project, WHO, BBC World Service,
CIDA, Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs, The
European Union, Soul City, The Panos Institute, UNAIDS.
Information, ideas, linkages and dialogue on communication, develop-
ment and change.
Director: Warren Feek
1. The ZVITAMBO Project - Zimbabwe - Intended to provide monitoring
and impact information on the transmission of HIV through breastfeed-
ing, and implemented in partnership with the government of Zimbabwe,
an educational and communication intervention was developed to inform
and counsel pregnant women on issues of HIV, breastfeeding and re-
Contact: Jean Humphrey
2. Short Course ZDV - Thailand - The Royal Thai Ministry of Public
Health established this drug regime and interpersonal counselling
programme in 1996 as a means to prevent mother to child transmission
of HIV in the Phayao district of Thailand, thereby decreasing infant
Contact: Agnes Soucat
3. Communication Intervention for MTCT Initiative - Zambia - An ef-
fective programme on HIV MTCT was developed to create a supportive
environment to facilitate attitudinal and behavioural change among
mothers and the general public. Information, Education and Communica-
tion in partnership with advocacy were used to create awareness, in-
crease knowledge, develop partnerships, reduce stigma and discrimina-
tion and ensure public support for MTCT interventions.
Contact: Clare Blenkinsop
4. 076 Program - Brazil - Training and supervision at the Dr. Cesar
Cals Hospital in Northern Brazil gave medical professionals the re-
quired knowledge and skills to plan and implement a comprehensive
program to reduce MTCT. This will be the first hospital to introduce
such training into the workplace in Brazil.
Contact Francisco Holland
5. Community participation - Botswana and Zambia - The ICRW is imple-
menting an operational research project that aims to identify ways
and means of seeking community participation and involvement in MTCT
programs. It had done several FGDs in the two countries and will soon
have its initial findings available.
Contact Mary Lyn Field
6. ProCAARE-Child - Global - An e-mail based communication network
was established to facilitate networking and exchange of information
on pediatric HIV/AIDS within the international health community with
a focus in the developing world.
Contact: Elizabeth Glaser Foundation
7. Pilot Initiatives - UNICEF, WHO, UNFPA and UNAIDS have launched a
joint initiative, the overall aim of which is to give strong and co-
ordinated leadership and guidance to countries concerning the preven-
tion of MTCT. Principle: any national strategy to prevent MTCT should
be part of broader strategies to prevent the transmission of HIV and
STDs, to care for HIV-positive women and their families, and to pro-
mote maternal and child health. Pilot projects are now at various
stages of implementation in eight countries in Africa. These are in-
tended to test the feasibility and sustainability of implementing in
a routine setting the findings of the research that has already been
done, to measure the impact of the intervention, and to enable the
refinement of strategies.
Contact Eric Mercier
8. East and Southern Africa - A communication strategy has recently
been developed for MTCT, in recognition of the importance of communi-
cation as a key component of and to support MTCT. The strategy will
assist countries and sites that implement MTCT to pay attention to
issues of community outreach, community participation and mobilisa-
tion, advocacy, audience research, development of materials and mes-
sages, information and education.
Contact: Bunmi Makinwa
9. HIV Positive: Women and Children - Organised by The Cyber Beacon,
this website provides information on many women's issues as they re-
late to HIV/AIDS, including guidelines and resources.
10. H.E.A.R.T. - Health Education and Reduced Transmission is a com-
prehensive website for consumers and health care providers, relaying
information relating to vertical transmission of HIV/AIDS. Also, a
number of resources specific to mother to child transmission of
HIV/AIDS are included.
11. Women and Children and HIV - Health Information Vermont/New Hamp-
shire HIVNet - This website provides extensive resources for women
and children with HIV/AIDS, including, statistics and fact sheets,
health resources, support services, information on pregnancy and HIV,
planning for the future and other links on the web. Visit:
12. HIV/AIDS and Strategies to Prevent Mother-To-Child Transmission
(MTCT) - South Africa - Conducted from 1998-1999, this was '...a
study of practices, representations, gender, ethics, rights, and
health policy'. MTCT was reduced utilizing communication strategies
involving ethnographic methods, including participant observation,
interviews, open-ended and semi-structured interviews with health
care workers, some focus groups, and storytelling techniques.
Contact: Gill Seidel
13. Influence of infant-feeding patterns on early mother-to-child
transmission of HIV-1 in Durban, South Africa: a prospective cohort
study. - This study was conducted to review recommended policies of
avoidance of breastfeeding by HIV-1 infected women and to assess
whether the pattern of breastfeeding is a critical determinant of
early mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1. Initial findings show
that exclusive breastfeeding may provide an affordable, culturally
acceptable and effective means of reducing MTCT of HIV-1 while main-
taining the overwhelming benefits of breastfeeding. Full study avail-
able online at:
14. Project Inform produced a discussion paper "Mother to Child HIV
Transmission" which explores aspects of HIV+ child bearing, including
prenatal care, anti-HIV therapies, delivery of the baby, breastfeed-
ing advice and resources for support for HIV+ pregnant women. Report
is available online at:
15. Call to Action - Global - This phased MTCT reduction programme
focuses on coordinating activities to improve access and use of anti-
retroviral interventions in developing nations, contributing to over-
all improved mother/child care.
Contact: Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation
16. Communication for Behaviour Development and Change - Kenya - This
UNICEF conference for the Eastern and Southern Africa Regional
HIV/AIDS Network maintained a significant emphasis on communication
for the prevention of MTCT of HIV/AIDS. Recommendations and action
plans were the output of the forum of technical presentations, ple-
nary discussion, group discussions/work, and information markets of
international print materials.
Contact: Neill McKee
17. HIV/AIDS Response Meeting - South Africa - Held November 4-5,
1999, Health Ministers reviewed ongoing work aimed at the reduction
of mother to child transmission. The Ministers committed themselves
to immediately step up efforts to implement programmes in Member
States aimed at promoting and supporting voluntary counselling and
testing as well as strengthening the capacity of health systems to
effectively deliver these services.
Contact: Dieter Neuvians
18. On Dec.11-12, 1999, in Mumbai, India, a Conference took place on
Perinatal HIV and Pediatric AIDS, hosted by the AIDS Clinic and Popu-
lation Services International. The aim of the conference was to sen-
sitize medical and paramedical communities to HIV and AIDS in terms
of international intervention of HIV transmission from mother to
Contact: Dr. J.K. Maniar
19. A recent workshop on MTCT of HIV was held in Chiang Mai, Thailand
to review a pilot project that found support from husbands was a cru-
cial factor in the success of testing and drug regime interventions
designed to reach HIV positive pregnant women.
Contact Phaik-Choo Phuah
20. A multi-disciplinary symposium directed towards doctors, mid-
wives, nurses, social workers, health visitors, teachers and other
health professionals for all those concerned with the care of women
and children with HIV/AIDS took place on October 11 of this year.
Contact the Symposium Office:
21. Prevention of HIV Transmission from Mothers to Infants - India -
This Round Table Conference brought together HIV experts and regional
health workers for discussion of issues relating to ethics, testing,
policy, breastfeeding, and research, and to develop protocols for im-
plementing therapy for HIV+ pregnant women.
Contact N.M. Samuel
22. The National Pediatric & Family HIV Resource Center (NPHRC) - The
NPHRC at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey is a
non-profit organization that serves professionals who care for chil-
dren, adolescents and families with HIV infection and AIDS. Founded
in 1990, the Center offers education, consultation, technical assis-
tance, and training for health and social service professionals.
Contact Mary G. Boland
With thanks to everyone for their contributions. Please send items
for The Drum Beat to:
This issue edited by Warren Feek
Send mail for the `AFRO-NETS' conference to `firstname.lastname@example.org'.
Mail administrative requests to `email@example.com'.
For additional assistance, send mail to: `firstname.lastname@example.org'.