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AFRO-NETS> What's New at the Environmental Health Project?
- Subject: AFRO-NETS> What's New at the Environmental Health Project?
- From: Dan Campbell <CampbellDB@ehproject.org>
- Date: Tue, 25 Sep 2001 16:15:38 -0400 (EDT)
What's New at the Environmental Health Project?
E-newsletter #6, September 25, 2001
Welcome to the sixth issue of "What's New at EHP", the E-newsletter
of the Environmental Health Project. The E-newsletter is intended to
keep EHP staff, partners, clients, and colleagues informed of EHP
happenings and activities, new EHP publications and reports, and up-
coming meetings and conferences related to environmental health. This
issue as well as previous issues of "What's New" can also be accessed
on our Web site, at http://www.ehproject.org
Questions and comments about our project or this E-newsletter are
very welcome. To subscribe, please send an e-mail:
We hope you enjoy our newsletter. Please feel free to distribute the
newsletter to your staff and contacts.
May Post, Dan Campbell, David Elwell, Abdulzatar Kuku
The EHP Information Center
IN THIS ISSUE:
* Lessons learned from community management of environmental health
* Sustainable sanitation services in small towns in LAC
* Improved hygiene in Kinshasa markets, Democratic Republic of Congo
* Urban environmental health and behavior change in Peru
* Mini-portal on environmental health
LESSONS LEARNED FROM COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH IN
Community Management of Environmental Health, also known as GESCOME
II (Gestion Communautaire de la Sante Environnementale), is a multi-
year activity implemented by EHP in Benin. GESCOME II is a scale-up
of GESCOME I-a pilot community-based activity to prevent diarrheal
disease in children under 5. GESCOME I was operational from 1997 to
1999. GESCOME II began operations in September 1999 and will be com-
pleted at the end of September 2001.
GESCOME II has continued the focus on diarrheal disease prevention
initiated by GESCOME I, while expanding to include gender awareness,
community and social mobilization, participatory information, educa-
tion and communication, and reinforcing ties between municipal au-
thorities and the community related to diarrheal disease transmission
An activity to document lessons learned from the design, implementa-
tion, and accomplishments of GESCOME II and GESCOME I is scheduled to
begin in late October. The document, titled "Governance, Community
Mobilization, and Environmental Health Outcomes-Lessons Learned in
Benin," will be prepared by a combination of international and Be-
ninese experts. The documentation activity is tentatively scheduled
to be completed by early December.
For information on the lessons-learned documentation activity, please
contact Eckhard Kleinau (mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org)
SUSTAINABLE SANITATION SERVICES IN SMALL TOWNS IN LATIN AMERICA AND
A number of USAID missions in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)
have been supporting municipalities in the area of water supply and
sanitation (WS&S)-many through municipal strengthening and environ-
ment programs. In general, USAID efforts have focused more on drink-
ing water supply than on sanitation.
EHP is implementing an activity focused on sanitation improvement in
small towns. Small towns in LAC typically have populations between
5,000 and 30,000. Small towns typically are not in a position techni-
cally, financially, or institutionally to provide sanitation services
effectively. The EHP activity examines these issues and proposes a
strategy for sustainable sanitation services in small towns.
Two primary outcomes are envisioned from the activity: (1) a strate-
gic paper that provides an overview of the issues involved in improv-
ing sanitation in small towns and that identifies a strategy that can
be used in the planning of sustainable sanitation services and (2) a
step-by-step methodology that a local consultant team can use to de-
velop the sanitation plan. Ultimately, the goal is to implement a
sanitation plan that is financially sustainable, that protects the
environment, that maximizes health benefits, and that is equitable.
EHP will field-test the methodology in the fall of 2001 in Ecuador
and in two countries to be identified in Central America and the Car-
ibbean. Documents will be finalized after the field tests are com-
For information on the activity, please contact Fred Rosensweig
IMPROVED HYGIENE IN KINSHASA MARKETS, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
The USAID Mission to the Democratic Republic of Congo (USAID/DRCongo)
has been implementing the Urban Environmental Health Strategy. Devel-
oped by the EHP in collaboration with the Regional Urban Development
Office (RUDO/Africa), the strategy focuses on diarrheal disease pre-
Short-term strategy interventions include the implementation of three
urban environmental health pilot projects. One pilot project related
to market sanitation was recently completed by Action Against Hunger
(Action Contre la Faim ACF -USA) and local authorities, with techni-
cal assistance from EHP and the University of Kinshasa School of Pub-
lic Health. The objective of the pilot project was to improve sani-
tary conditions in public markets in Kinshasa.
Under the pilot project, new "sanitation units" have been constructed
in seven Kinshasa markets. These units include toilets, showers, wa-
ter points for washing hands, water storage tanks, septic tanks, and
the ability to collect rainwater for use in the units. In addition,
11 drinking water points have been established in locations where wa-
ter was not previously available to the market vendors, restaura-
teurs, and customers. These new facilities are under the management
of nongovernmental organizations and private businesses, and income
generated through operation and use of the sanitation facilities will
be used to ensure their sustainability and maintenance. Furthermore,
hygiene education teams have been trained to provide education to the
market community on food and on individual, domestic, and market hy-
giene. These trained specialists can be seen daily in the markets,
speaking with vendors, customers, and restaurant owners and workers.
For information on the activity, please contact Chris McGahey
URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH AND BEHAVIOR CHANGE IN PERU
USAID/Peru's Urban Environmental Health and Behavior Change activity
aims to reduce environmental health risks associated with exposure to
locally generated contaminants and pathogens in periurban residential
neighborhoods and communities. The activity's purpose will be
achieved through four interventions: policy improvement assistance;
site-based pilot projects to demonstrate innovative approaches in en-
vironmental health; training and local institutional strengthening;
and development of community- based environmental health risk moni-
USAID/Peru's primary counterpart for the activity is DIGESA, the En-
vironmental Health Division of the Ministry of Health. During the
past year, EHP worked with DIGESA in project planning and in a vari-
ety of activities related to childhood lead poisoning. Under the Ur-
ban Environmental Health and Behavior Change activity, EHP will pro-
vide a wide range of technical assistance and procurement support to
DIGESA and to implementing private voluntary organizations (PVOs) and
local authorities. Within this context, EHP's first role has been the
design and delivery of a start-up workshop that seeks to ensure that
all actors and stakeholders involved have a clear understanding of
the activity and their respective roles.
The start-up workshop was held in Lima, Peru, the week of September
10. The workshop was attended by a USAID/Washington representative as
well as a three- member EHP team, which included the EHP Director.
Approximately 40 participants attended the workshop, including key
staff from the implementing partners- DIGESA, USAID/Peru, CARE-and
representatives from key stakeholders, such as the World Bank Water
and Sanitation Program (WSP) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention (USCDC), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the
Pan American Health Organization, SEDAPAL (the national water supply
and sanitation agency), and CONAM (the national environmental protec-
For information on the Peru activity and the workshop, please contact
Eddy Perez (mailto:email@example.com).
MINI-PORTAL ON ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
A mini-portal on environmental health has been established on the In-
formation Services page to provide access to more environmental
health information resources.
In addition to the usual categories on our Information Services page,
new categories of information resources include Bibliographic Data-
bases, Development News Sources, Commercial News Sources, Reference
Resources, and Statistical Resources.
The address for the mini-portal is
Send mail for the `AFRO-NETS' conference to `<firstname.lastname@example.org>'.
Mail administrative requests to `<email@example.com>'.
For additional assistance, send mail to: `<firstname.lastname@example.org>'.