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[afro-nets] Towards a global fund for the health MDGs?
- From: "Claudio Schuftan" <email@example.com>
- Date: Tue, 23 Jun 2009 10:22:24 +0700
Cross posted from: "[health-vn discussion group]" firstname.lastname@example.org
The Lancet, Volume 373, Issue 9681, Page 2110, 20 June 2009
doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61148-X Cite or Link Using DOI
Towards a global fund for the health MDGs?
Alvaro Bermejo a
Giorgio Cometto and colleagues (May 2, p 1500)1 propose an expanded remit for the Global Fund in order to achieve all the health Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The International HIV/AIDS Alliance welcomes this new and innovative thinking, particularly given the poor progress on maternal health and the fact that the current financial crisis is expected to cause an additional 200 000—400 000 children to die before their fifth birthday. But this proposal also raises serious concerns.
The efficiency of health systems is positively related to health expenditure per head. Performance increases greatly with expenditure up to about US$80 per head per year. There is a minimum level of health expenditure below which the system simply cannot work well,2 and much of sub-Saharan Africa is well below these levels.
Without the necessary additional funding, this proposition will just water down the Global Fund's current ability to deliver effectively and make an impact. It will reverse the gains made in HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria before they can be consolidated.
The Global Fund has produced some spectacular results delivering funding for the three diseases. More than 2 million people are on antiretroviral treatment, 4•6 million people are under treatment for tuberculosis, and 70 million bednets have been distributed. However, the Global Fund currently faces a funding shortfall of $4—5 billion.
Expanding its remit even further would require a very significant upfront funding commitment if it is to deliver tangible results. The Global Fund is a model of successful health financing that is delivering for those most vulnerable to HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria. Jeopardising its ability to do this well would be a tragedy for the millions who rely on its support.
I declare that I have no conflicts of interest.
1 Cometto G, Ooms G, Starrs A, Zeitz P. A global fund for the health
MDGs?. Lancet 2009; 373: 1500-1502. Full Text | PDF(63KB) | CrossRef | PubMed
2 Evans DB, Tandon A, Murray CJ, Lauer JA. Comparative efficiency of national health systems: cross national econometric analysis. BMJ 2001; 323: 307-310. PubMed
a Executive Director, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Hove BN3 1RE, UK
The Lancet, Volume 373, Issue 9681, Page 2111, 20 June 2009
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doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61150-8 Cite or Link Using DOI
Towards a global fund for the health MDGs?
Jeffrey D Sachs a, Paul M Pronyk a
In line with Giorgio Cometto and colleagues' Comment,1 we suggest that the Global Fund should open three additional funding windows. First, a health systems window would finance training and salaries of community health workers and other professionals, alongside construction, equipping, and maintenance of primary health facilities.
Second, a maternal and child survival window would enhance facility-based services for antenatal care, safe delivery (including emergency obstetric interventions), and newborn care,2 and structural interventions to address major causes of child mortality including diarrhoea, respiratory infections, and undernutrition.3
Finally, a neglected tropical disease window would finance an integrated delivery package to control soil-transmitted helminths, lymphatic filariasis, schistosomiasis, onchocerciasis, and trachoma.4
The Comment, however, misrepresented the perspective of the Harvard Consensus Statement, suggesting it assumed that Africa's health systems "were working reasonable well". The dismal state of public health in Africa was in fact well known. Expanding antiretroviral treatment was advocated because of the possibility to stop mass deaths from a treatable disease. Furthermore, the Commission on Macroeconomics and Health advocated a general scale-up of support for primary health, including AIDS and other disorders.
The Commission called for donor support of 0•1% of donor gross national product (roughly US$36 billion in current dollars).5 Actual donor aid lags at around 0•04% ($12 billion). We are not overspending on AIDS but underspending on the rest.
These needed sums are paltry relative to military spending or the bank bailouts. The Global Fund offers an effective financing mechanism. The choice is not between AIDS, health systems, and other Millennium Development Goals. We can and must support them all.
We declare that we have no conflicts of interest.
1 Cometto G, Ooms G, Starrs A, Zeitz P. A global fund for the health MDGs?. Lancet 2009; 373: 1500-1502. Full Text | PDF(63KB) | CrossRef | PubMed
2 Kerber KJ, de Graft-Johnson JE, Bhutta ZA, Okong PAS, Lawn JE. Continuum of care for maternal, newborn, and child health: from slogan to service delivery. Lancet 2007; 370: 1358-1369. Summary | Full Text | PDF(209KB) | CrossRef | PubMed
3 Ekman B, Pathmanathan I, Liljestrand J. Integrating health interventions for women, newborn babies, and children: a framework for action. Lancet 2008; 372: 990-1000. Summary | Full Text | PDF(239KB) | CrossRef | PubMed
4 Hotez P, Molyneux DH, Fenwick A, Savioli L, Takeuchi T. A Global Fund to fight neglected tropical diseases: is the G8 Hokkaido Toyako 2008 Summit ready?. PloS Neglect Trop Dis 2008; 2: e220. PubMed
5 Commission on Macroeconomics and Health. Macroeconomics and health: investing in health for economic development. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2001.
a The Earth Institute, Columbia University, Broadway and 116th, New York, NY 10027, USA