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[afro-nets] Successful strategies to safeguard medications - The evolving threat of antimicrobial resistance

  • From: "Claudio Schuftan" <cschuftan@phmovement.org>
  • Date: Sat, 10 Mar 2012 02:18:44 -0800

Cross posted from: EQUIDAD@listserv.paho.org

Successful strategies to safeguard medications

The evolving threat of antimicrobial resistance – Options for Action

World Health Organization – March 2012

Available online PDF [125p.] at: http://bit.ly/xN3bXz

“……Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is not a recent phenomenon, but it is a critical health issue today. Over several decades, to varying degrees, bacteria causing common infections have developed resistance to each new antibiotic, and AMR has evolved to become a worldwide health threat. With a dearth of new antibiotics coming to market, the need for action to avert a developing global crisis in health care is increasingly urgent.

In addition to a substantial financial burden that national health-care budgets can ill afford, AMR has economic consequences far beyond the health sector, such as damaging repercussions on international travel and trade resulting from the cross border spread of resistant infections. The cost of not acting against AMR needs to be considered when deciding resource allocation and assessing interventions.

We know how and why AMR develops, what factors favour its emergence and spread, and what measures can be taken to limit it. Why then are we now facing an impending crisis in the treatment of many infections? This book describes the context of the problem, some of the progress made in recent years to tackle it, and what more should be done. Without question, more information and new tools are needed, but available strategies and interventions can go a long way towards minimizing the scale and impact of AMR, and maximizing the effective lifespan of existing antibiotics…..” Dr Marie-Paule Kieny, Assistant Director-General, Innovation, Information, Evidence and Research WHO


Chapter 1 - The evolving threat of antimicrobial resistance - Introduction

Chapter 2 - Surveillance to track antimicrobial use and resistance in bacteria

Chapter 3 - Measures to ensure better use of antibiotics

Chapter 4 - Reducing antimicrobial use in animal husbandry

Chapter 5 - Infection prevention and control in health-care facilities

Chapter 6 - Fostering innovation to combat antimicrobial resistance

Chapter 7 - The way forward: political commitment to enable options for action


Ruggiero, Mrs. Ana Lucia (WDC)